The Bible is a book of books, sixty-six of them, divided into two testaments, or covenants.

The designations Old Testament and New Testament focus on two great covenants God made with His people:
the Mosaic covenant (Sharia of Musa) (Tawrat, Ex 24:8/History, 2 Kings 23:2) and the New Covenant (Grace & Truth of Isa) (Injiil, Matt. 26:28)

The OT is divided as follows: Tawrat, History, Wisdom/Poetry, Prophets/Ambian
Bibles are often divided into 8 major sections: Pentateuch (Tawrat), History, Wisdom-Poetry (Zabur), Prophets (Anbian), Gospels (Injiil), Acts, letters and Revelation. The Pentateuch (meaning “five volumed book”) comprises the first major sections of the Old Testament. It is also known as the Torah, or the law of Moses. (Tawrat) Here God’s earliest covenants with his chosen people are described and confirmed.

Free download of Tawrat in modern Urdu
Prof. Faouzi Arzouni: Allah's redeeming purpose for mankind from Tawrat, Zabur & prophets through the promise of a pure sacrifice for forgiveness of sin for some future date, was to be fulfilled in the Messiah.

This five books are primarily accounts of the History of God’s covenant people, Israel (Bani-e-Israiil). Beginning with Genesis, the narrative moves from a broad view of the universe and all creation to human beings in general and God’s role for them in the world. From this view of mankind as a whole, the account narrows from a focus to all nations to Abraham (Ibrahim) and one nation –  Israel, as the vassal people of the divine King and his kingdom.


The last four books tell of the story of Israel’s exodus from Egypt, their ascent to the Sinaitic covenant, and their wandering in the desert of Sinai because of unbelief and disobedience at Kadesh Barnea (Numbers 13-14/Hebrew 3.16-19)

GENESIS  link: biblegateway


Author:                Moses

Audience:           God’s chosen people the Israelites.

Date:                   between 1446 and 1406BC

Theme:                Beginnings which introduces central

                            themes like creation and redemption.

The first book of the Bible as well as the Tawrat is called ‘Genesis’ because it is about the beginning, or origin, of everything. It tells of God creating the universe, the earth, living creatures, of how sin entered the world, and how God responds to sin and suffering. The first 11 chapters include the stories of Adam and Eve (Hawa), Cain (Kabiil) and Abel (Habiil), Noah (Nuh), the flood, and the Tower of Babel. The rest of the book is about God’s promises to Abraham (Ibrahiim) (around 2050BC) and his descendants, especially Isaac, (2000-1950BC) his half brother Ismail, Isaacs son Jacob (Yakub) (1955-1870BC), and grandson Joseph (Yusuf) (1900-1800BC). It demonstrates how God keeps his promises in spite of problems which threaten to make them impossible. Genesis as well as the other books of the Tawrat are thought to be compiled by Moses (Musa) and his scribes around 1500BC.

link to Contemporary English Bible text of Genesis: biblegateway




Author:                Moses

Audience:           God’s chosen people the Israelites.

Date:                   between 1446 and 1406BC

Theme:        God reveals himself to his people and

                     delivers them from slavery in Egypt

                     to establish a covenant with them in

                      the desert.

Several hundred years have passed since Jacob (Yakub) moved with his family into Egypt. Around 1450BC, many thousands of his descendants had become slaves. Exodus, which means “departure” or “escape”, tells the story of how God used Moses (Musa) to lead the people out of Egypt and across the Red sea. God then have them his laws telling them how they should live together and worship him. His special relationship with the people of Israel is sealed by a “covenant” or strong promise at Mount Sinai, Paran (1440BC). Ch. 25-40 give details about the place where the people are to worship God. It was a tent (Tabernacle) which contained some very precious objects. The tent had to be taken down, moved, and put up again during the whole of the time they wandered in the desert. One day it would be replaced by a permanent temple in Jerusalem. (Haykal)



Author:                Moses

Audience:           God’s chosen people the Israelites.

Date:                   between 1446 and 1406BC

Theme:              The Israelites receive

                           instructions from God at the

                           base of Mount Sinai (Paran)

                           concerning on how to live

                           as God’s holy people.

The book of Leviticus is full of instructions about worship and sets down guidelines for the religious services of the people of Israel. Aaron (Harun), Moses brother is the first priest of the people of Israel (Ban Israiil) The holiness and purity of God provide the focus of the book and the reason for its laws (Sharia). The details are important because God calls his people to be holy and pure their daily lives. The whole of life, whether worship or work and family living, is to be lived aware of God’s holy presence. Since the time that Leviticus was written there have been many different ways or worshipping God across the world. Many of them owe to Leviticus an understanding of the importance and implications of the worship (Ibadat) of the God who created the universe, and whose command to everyone is to “love your neighbor as you love yourself” (19:18).



Author:                Moses

Audience:           God’s chosen people

                           the Israelites.

Date:                  1446 - 1406BC

Theme:               Because the Israelites

                           are unwilling to enter

                           the land of Canaan,

                           their entire generation

                           is forced to wander in

                           the desert of Sinai for

                           almost 40 years.

Numbers contains the story of the 40 years during which Moses lead the Israelites (Ban Israiil) from mount Sinai (Paran) to the Jordan River (1440BC). During this time there were two census when the people were counted in their families and clans. For this the book is called Numbers. The people were often unhappy and angry. They blamed Moses and God for the fact that they were now worse off in many ways than they had been in Egypt. They had to march under a boiling hot sun, were attacked by snakes and scorpions, and always threatened by lack of water. Yet all the time God continued to look after them. Day by day he spoke to Moses and told him what to say or do.



Author:                Moses

Audience:           God’s chosen people the Israelites.

Date:                   just about 1406BC, before Israel entered Canaan.

Theme:               In a series of farewell messages, Moses exhorts the new generation of Israelites

                           to live as his obedient people in the promised land.

The Israelites (Ban Israiil) have arrived at the Jordan River and are ready to enter the promised land of Canaan (1405BC). Moses (Musa) has been forbidden to go with them and so he speaks to them of God’s acts, God’s law, and how they are to live in the new land. The speeches are long but full of the passion and fire of a man who has led the people for so long and is about to die. He demands that they promise to worship and serve God alone. Deuteronomy means ‘a second law’ (redefined Sharia) and in this book God’s law is restated and the people renew their covenant with God.