The misunderstood Holy SON

 Surah Al -  Ikhlas             112:3,    (Shakir)

“He [Allah] begets not, nor is He begotten.”

He neither begets nor is born,                    (Shahi International)

Professor Faouzi Arzouni, Lebanese Arab Scholar, grown up in Senegal

Like little children, many of us think statements like "Allah neither begets nor is born,"are contrary to the Christian faith. But that is not true. Christians fully agree with Qs 112:3. A Christian also can happily state,

“He begets not, nor is He begotten.” Nevertheless, God’s Holy Books still plainly thought that Isa is the Son of God. Let us explain:

As Muslims we first of all struggle to understand the Injil-’s “Son of God” for Isa correctly, because we culturally misunderstand this as Allah would have a physical relationship with Miriam (Mary) which is disgusting and a complete heresy!  No Muslim, - not even any Christian would believe this.
Secondly, we have a linguistic problem with the word “begotten” in the above quoted verse translated from the Arabic ‘yooladu’ which does not carry the same meaning as the “begotten” of the Injiil. The phrase “only begotten” Son of the King James Bible in John 3:16, translates the Injiil’s original Greek word ‘monogenes’. This word is variously translated into English as "one and only". So what does ‘monogenes’ mean? Basically, ‘monogenes’ has two primary definitions; the first "pertaining to being the only one of its kind within a specific relationship”, thus its ‘uniqueness’. The second definition is "pertaining to being the only one of its kind or class, unique in kind." This meaning does not imply any sexual or physical relationship at all.  Linguistically correct translated into this century’s modern English, Isa is Allah’s “one and only” Son.

Please remember that Allah is not a human being, but a life giving eternal Spirit. He does not need a wife, he only speaks a word, and it is. He breathes and it comes into existence. Read this verse:

Surah Al An’am    6’ 101    (Muhsin Khan)

He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife?

He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything.


Therefore the term “Son of God” is in fact a spiritual son of the supreme Spirit being: Allah.

Thirdly, we misinterpret the following verse describing polytheism by associating it wrongly with Isa Al Masih:

Surah 23, 91        (Dr. Ghali)

In no way has Allah taken to Him any child, and in no way has there been with Him any god. Lo, for that each god would indeed have gone away with whatever he created, and some of them would indeed have exalted themselves over others. All Extolment be to Allah over whatever they describe.


Here it says that Allah would not take any created child to associate with Himself as a God. “Nos-billah”. The practice of associating other gods, idols next to Allah is the sin called “Shirk”, which is done in pre-Islamic Arabia, in Hinduism, animism but certainly not in Christianity. This verse talks about a disastrous disunity and rivalry had there been many gods as in polytheism. This does in no way refer to Isa Al Masih, because he was not equal to any child and in no way a separate god. He, the eternal, spiritual Word, came out of Allah himself in order to take on a perfect human nature. It is in purpose an entirely different concept. Does this make sense?

If not yet, does the following comparisons from ordinary life help ? A person who hears the term “Arabia’s Child” certainly does not think Arabia gave birth to a child. He understands that the child is from Arabia. This is symbolic language and its meaning is not literal but honorable.
What does the statement, “Mohammad (pbuh) is God’s Beloved” mean? Does God have a marriage relationship with Mohammad (pbuh), like a man with a woman? Certainly not! As Muslims we all understand that this statement is symbolic and honorable. 

Therefore, how do we understand the verse found in the Injil: John 3:16? “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.” In this verse, “His one and only Son” is a figure of speech. It is like “son of Arabia,” meaning the person comes from Arabia. It is like “Mohammed (pbuh) is God’s Beloved”. In this case, “God’s son” means He comes from God, spiritually and not as a biological son and not at all in the way humans are procreated. 

Nowhere does the holy Injiil teach that God had a biological relationship with Mary resulting in the birth of a new god called Isa Al Masih. Such statements are heresy and blasphemy! The Injiil actually states,

Injiil,       Luke 1, 35            (NIV)

“The Holy Spirit will come on you (Mary) and the power of the Highest will overshadow you…”

Again, the idea of God having a “biological son” is a misunderstanding of many Muslims about the Christian faith. Those who understand it in this way may have difficulty distinguishing between literal and figurative language.

As a matter of fact the title “Son of God” (Ibn-e-Allah) has a rather figurative meaning in the sense of the Qur’an’ referring to Isa as:

“Kalimat-ullah” (the Word of God),

“Ruh-ullah-,” (the Spirit of God) and

“Al Masih“, the Messiah-” or the Anointed One,

as the actual quranic equivalent term. 

Indeed, all Muslim sects and any school of Islamic teaching agree that Isa had no human father and was supernaturally conceived by the Holy Spirit, which is unique in human history. Therefore, without an earthly Father, means no sexual intercourse ever happened, our common understanding that he was not an illegitimate, out of wedlock child, Isa Al Masih was not like any other child in human history born of a woman. He came forth miraculously as the perfect human being, because he came forth as the Word from Allah, which is eternal, has no beginning and no end. He did not just bring a message, he was the message himself. He was hidden but revealed Allah in the right time personally as found in the following verse of the Injil:

Injil,       Colossians 1:15                 (NIV)

The Son is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.

This really means that Isa is eternally born, pre-existed Creation, and represents and embodies the invisible and remote Allah himself, rather than being placed along the other past prophets.

In other words, the eternal, pre-existing Word of God became a human being through the process of conception and birth. God was not birthed or born. He, who is Spirit, came temporarily from heaven to earth, conceived in- and clothed by a human body.  Just as a man’s thoughts and words are part of himself, so Allah’s thoughts and words is part of Him too. They can never be divided and are always together in His divine being. Isa Al-Masih, as the Word of God, is part of God’s divine being. He is eternally part of God. He is the manifestation of the thoughts and will of God placed in a perfect human body.

Injil,       I Timothy 3:16   (NIV)

“Beyond all question, the mystery of godliness is great: He appeared in a body, was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was preached among the nations, was believed on in the world, was taken up in glory”

The "Kalma" of Allah or 'Kalimatullah' willingly concealed His divine nature so that he could live in a sinful world.

Isa did this so mankind could be made right before its Creator.

Injil,       Romans 5:19      (NIV)

“Because one person disobeyed God, many became sinners. But because one other person obeyed God, many will be made righteous”

All Holy Scriptures (Tawrat, Zaboor, Anbian, Injil and Quran) further acknowledge his pure, holy and sinless life, distinguishing Isa entirely from any of the prophets.

Surah Al Miriam 19, 19                  (Yusuf Ali)

He said: "Nay, I am only a messenger from thy Lord, (to announce) to thee the gift of a holy son.

Allah is absolutely holy and just, and the Qur'an states that Isa also is holy, and righteous, in total obedience to Allah, unlike other human beings.

Let’s explore this further in comparison with some of the Major Prophets, who, without exception, were all born of a human father….

We know from the Holy Qur'an, that Abraham pleaded whether his sins would be forgiven on the judgment day?

Surah Ash – Shu’ar         26; 82    (Pickthall)   

And Who, I ardently hope, will forgive me my sin on the Day of Judgment.


The Holy Qur'an also testifies of the sin Moses committed: He killed an Egyptian, and asked for forgiveness and Allah forgave him.

Professor Faouzi Arzouni, Lebanese Arab Scholar, grown up in Senegal

Surah Al Qasas 28, 15-16              (Pickthall)

15.And he entered the city at a time of carelessness of its folk, and he found therein two men fighting, one of his own caste, and the other of his enemies; and he who was of his caste asked him for help against him who was of his enemies. So Moses struck him with his fist and killed him. He said: This is of the devil's doing. Lo! He is an enemy, a mere misleader.

He said: My Lord! Lo! I have wronged my soul, so forgive me. Then He forgave him. Lo! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.


The prophet Jonah (Yunus) runs away from God, and his call to preach against the people of Nineveh, and goes in another direction…… (Read all story in Jonah chapter 1 in the Holy Bible)

Surah As – Safaat            37, 139-145         (Yusuf Ali)

139. So also was Jonah among those sent?

140. When he ran away to the ship laden,

141. He cast lots and he was condemned:

142. Then the big Fish did swallow him and he had done acts worthy of blame.

143. Had it not been that he (repented and) glorified Allah,

144. He would certainly have remained inside the Fish till the Day of Resurrection.

145. But we cast him forth on the naked shore in a state of sickness,


In the same way any other prophet was supposed in the Holy Qur'an to ask for forgiveness of their own sins and that of the community of believers. They were firmly promised to be forgiven of past and future sins, which imply that Allah knew they sinned and would sin again. It is also added, that Allah’s favor would be again on all to lead them on the ‘Straight Path’.

Surah Muhammad         47; 19    (Dr. Ghali)

So know that there is no god except Allah, and ask forgiveness for your guilty deed and for the male believers and female believers; and Allah knows your moving about and your lodging.

Surah Al Fath    48; 1-2                  (Muhsin Khan)

Verily, we have given you (O Muhammad SAW) a manifest victory.

 That Allah may forgive you your sins of the past and the future, and complete His Favor on you, and guide you on the Straight Path;


However, compared to the earlier prophets Al Masih’s life shown no trace of any kind of sin, resulting in need for repentance and forgiveness, in any of the earlier books as well as in Hadith and Sunnah whatsoever. There was no fear of the judgment day in the entire life of Isa Al Masih. In contrary, he is declared righteous from birth to ascension into heaven and no one could ever accuse him of any sin:

Surah Ahl-e- Imran         3:46        (Yusuf Ali)

"He shall speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. And he shall be of the righteous."

Injiil,       John 8:46a           (CEV)                    Can any of you accuse me of sin?

Now, some of us might be confused because of statements in the Holy Qur’an concerning some misleading sayings of some Jewish- and Christian heretics at the time of Muhammad (PbuH):

Surah At Tabwah              9:30        (Pickthall)

 "And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: The Messiah is the son of Allah. That is their saying with their mouths. They imitate the saying of those who disbelieved of old. Allah (Himself) fights against them. How perverse are they! "

And another modern translation says:

[9:30] The Jews said, "Ezra is the son of GOD," while the Christians said, "Jesus is the son of GOD!" These are blasphemies uttered by their mouths. They thus match the blasphemies of those who have disbelieved in the past. GOD condemns them. They have surely deviated.

The blasphemy we all agree upon here is that a Jewish group called “Ezra”, a mere prophet, the “Son of God”, while a heretic Christian cult at the time thought, the divine-, and the human nature of Jesus Christ were separated into two “distinct” persons- which is not according to the text of the Holy Injiil, but a deviated doctrine of the 5th century. (Nestorian-ism versus Monophysitism*)

Misunderstanding this historical context, many of us believe that the Christians had actually started to call Him “ Son of God “sometime after His lifetime but before Muhammad, (pbuh). Some date it to the ecumenical council of the churches in Nicaea in 325AD. Christians remain accused ever since of not only using this term but worshiping him as such.

However, historically, many confessed this title before “Christians” even existed.

Injiil,     Acts 11:26            (NIV)    

The disciples were called Christians first at Antioch. (Syria)

Therefore, as true Muslims, we need to rely on the written scriptures, based on earliest manuscripts as sources instead of merely opposing ideas of religious heretics of the past or present: The purpose here is to take you dear fellow Muslim deeper into an understanding of who historically proven called Isa Al Masih the Son of God, and for what purpose he was, lived, died, rose, ascended and returns with such a powerful and holy identity.