The Bible is a book of books, sixty-six of them, divided into two testaments, or covenants.

The OT is divided as follows:
Tawrat: (Pentateuch or the law of Moses) Genesis - Deuteronomy.
History: (Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1&2 Samuel,1&2 Kings, 1&2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther)
Wisdom/Poetry:  (Job/Ayub, Psalms/Zabur, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs)
Prophets/Ambian: (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zecharaiah, Malachi)

Zabur & Wisdom - The Books of Poetry


The books of poetry vary in literary form and content, but in general they contain some of the world’s most enduring poetic achievements, not only in sacred scripture, but also in all of ancient literature. They include wisdom literature, liturgical and personal prayers, hymns and worship of Israel, the Psalms (Zabur). These beautiful, passionate and often deeply personal writings are a reflection of the hearts of the writers and of the heart of God.


Free download of Zabur & Wisdom in modern Urdu

http://urdugeoversion.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Sahaif-i-Hikmat-aur-Zaboor.pdf


Job (Ayub)

 


Author:            Unknown

 

Audience:        God’s people

 

Date:               Unknown, Job himself

                       probably lived during the

                       patriarchal period.

 

Theme:           Is God a God of justice

                       in light of life’s

                       perplexities and human

                       suffering?



Job (Ayub) (approx. 2100BC) is the story of the test of a man’s trust in God. Satan says that Job fears God only because he is being looked after, has a happy family, a thriving farm, and a healthy body. God allows Job to be tested through terrible suffering. Friends find Job suffering and try to comfort him, but they don’t understand and their arguments only make things worse (2:11-37:24). Eventually, God himself speaks to Job out of a storm and the argument with his friends comes to a sudden end (38:1-41:34). As God speaks to him, Job realizes how little he himself understands and how shallow his own words have been. He is sorry for the way he has spoken (42:1-6). The friends are forgiven and Job’s health, family, fame, and fortune are restored.

Psalms (Zabur)

 

Author:            David (Dawud), Asaph, the Sons

                        of Korah, Solomon (Suleyman),

                        Heman, Ethan, Moses (Musa), as

                        well as unknown authors.

 

Audience:        God’s people

 

Date:                Between the time of Moses

                        ( 1440BC ) and the time following

                        the Babylonian Empire (after

                        538BC ).

 

Theme:            Contains Israel’s ancient favorite

                        hymns and prayers used for wor- 

                     ship of the Lord God, the great King


There are 150 Psalms (Zabur, or songs) in this “hymnbook” near the centre of the Bible, as part of the Wisdom books (Sihaif-e-Hykmat) mostly written by King David (Dawud) (1004-971BC). The Psalms are grouped into five books or collections (Ps. 1-41; Ps. 42-72; Ps. 73-89; Ps. 90-106; Ps. 107-150). Some psalms are very short (Ps. 125-128, for example): on the other hand PS. 119 has 176 verses (just like an average Surah in the Qur'an)! Some are full of joy and praise; others are filled with anger and unhappiness. Some are for individuals to sing and read; others are for whole groups of people: some are designed for special occasions; others are for general use. This means that there is a Psalm that is just right for almost every situation, every gathering, and every person. This helps to explain why they have continued to be so popular in Jewish and Christian worship and are revered by Muslims too. They were designed to be read aloud or sung in Hebrew, but continue to be done so today, translated in most languages.

Proverbs  (Amsaal)

 

Author:            King Salomon (Prophet

                       Suleyman) and other wise men

 

Audience:       The people of Israel

 

Date:               between 970 – 930BC

                       (Salomon’s reign)

 

Theme:           The importance of living wisely

                       and in the fear of the Lord, as

                        opposed to a seductive path of

                        folly




This book is a collection of wise sayings, or proverbs among the Wisdom books (Sihaif-e-Hykmat) mostly written by Solomon (Suleyman). He was a great king of Israel (971-931BC). They are usually very down to earth and apply to lots of different areas of life: learning, parents, wealth, animals, friends, eating and drinking, neighborliness, farming, and so on. Proverbs try to teach that true wisdom is not about being clever, but is a way of life which is alert, caring, understanding, and good. This wisdom is for everyone and will be given to anyone as a free gift to anyone who asks for it (2:1-6). The key to this wisdom is “having respect for the Lord,” which means “the worship of God.” Proverbs is quite different from other books in the Bible. The sayings need to be read one by one and thought about before going on to the next one.

Ecclesiastes

 

Author:            Possibly King Salomon

                       (Prophet Suleyman)

 

Audience:       The people of Israel

 

Date:               possibly as early as the tenth

                       century

 

Theme:            Wisdom teacher reveals what

                        he has discovered about the

                        meaninglessness of every

                        human endeavor without God

                        at the center of one's life.



The writer of Ecclesiastes has had everything in life he could possibly want and has discovered that this is not the way to find happiness. The book is sometimes difficult to understand because the writer often talks about things from the opposite point of view to much of the rest of the Bible. There is, for example, the section beginning “There is a time for everything” (3:1-8); the reminder that “Races aren’t always won by those who run fast” (9:11) and the plea to “Remember the One who created you Remember him while you are still young” (12:1). This writer’s thinking is very deep, showing what life is like without faith in God, but also what it means to practical terms to trust him (e.g., 12:13-14)


Song of Songs

 

Author:           possibly King Salomon

                      (Prophet Suleyman)


Audience:      The people of Israel


Date:            possibly as early as the tenth century BC


Theme:         Celebration of a sexual union between

                     a man and a woman as a joyful part of

                     marital life in God’s good creation.


This is the one love poem in the Bible as part of the Wisdom books (Sihaif-e-Hykmat) thought to be written by Solomon (Suleyman). He was a great king of Israel (971-931BC). It is easier to understand it as a description of people in love with each other rather than as a story. It is beautifully told. In the past the book was seen as a picture to God’s love for his people. In the book of Revelation (last book in the Injiil) Christ is described as marrying his bride, the church). Because all true love is a reflection of Go’s love this understanding is always helpful, yet the book itself focuses of sexual love. The lovers talk to each other tenderly and directly; they are naked and yet not at all awkward in each other’s presence. Some people find it hard to believe that the Bible contains a love poem like this. It indicates the goodness and beauty of human love between men and women and of the part that such love plays in God’s creation.