Testing the Injiil by history - the ancient texts:

There are about 5200 manuscripts in the original Greek language and more than 24000 MSS copies of portions of the New Testament (Injiil) in existence today… 

No other document of antiquity even begins to approach such numbers and attestation

Professor Faouzi Arzouni, Lebanese Arab Scholar, grown up in Senegal

discussion on the credibility of ancient texts from history. (J. Smith)

This is shown in the following timeline where the manuscript sources that are used in translating modern Bibles are shown to come very early.

Modern Bibles are translated from the earliest existing manuscripts, many from 100-300 AD

These source manuscripts come long before Constantine or other any other religious-political powers.

The New Testament (INJIIL) is a unique ancient text. The time between the original manuscripts and the earliest fragments available today is very short.  Jesus and his disciples lived during the first century. We have portions of their writings from the early second century.  This was less than 100 years after they were first written. And we have complete manuscripts from the third and fourth centuries.


A document test is used to check the quality of ancient texts. The quality of text is determined by several factors. The first factor is the time interval between the original text and the texts that now exist.  The second test is the number of copies of the texts that now exist.

The following table compares the Biblical (Injiil in particular) writings along these same points (Taken from Comfort, P.W. The Origin of the Bible, 1992. p. 193).

MSS
When Written
Date of MSS
Time Span
John Rylan
90 AD
130 AD
40 yrs
Bodmer Papyrus
90 AD
150-200 AD
110 yrs
Chester Beatty
60 AD
200 AD
140 yrs
Codex Vaticanus
60-90 AD
325 AD
265 yrs
Codex Sinaiticus
60-90 AD
350 AD
290 yrs

The number of ‘Injiil’ manuscripts is so vast that it would be impossible to list them all in a table.

As one scholar who spent years studying this issue states:

Compare the New Testament (Injil) documents with other ancient documents.

Author
  Date written
  Earliest Copy
  Time Span
  Number of Copies
Caesar
  100-44 B.C. 100-44 B.C.
A.D. 900
  1,000 years
  10
  Plato
  427-347 B.C.
A.D. 900
  1,200 years
  7
  Aristotle
  384-322 B.C.
A.D. 1100
  1,400 years
  49
  Pliny the Younger
  A.D. 61-133
A.D. 850
  750 years
  7
  Suetonius
  A.D. 75-160
A.D. 950
  800 years
  8
  Injiil, NT (27 books)
  A.D. 40-100
A.D. 130 (in part)
A.D. 350 (complete)
  25-310 years
  Over 24,000

Here are some examples of very early manuscripts of the Injiil:

100-125 A.D. P52 the earliest portion of the New Testament is from the Gospel of John

150-175 A.D. P4 Very early portions from the Gospel of Luke

150-175 A.D. P64 Very early portions from the Gospel of Matthew

150-173 A.D. P67 very early portions also from the Gospel of Matthew

 250 A.D. Chester Beatty Papyri. This is nearly the entire New Testament.

 325 A.D. Vaticanus, another nearly complete New Testament manuscript.


In all of this it is important to note that there are no original manuscripts of the Al-Quran.     

Yet we Muslims do not challenge its authenticity.

To summarize, neither time nor Christian leaders have corrupted the original ideas and messages that were first placed into the original writings of all 66 books of the Bible. (Tawrat, Zaboor, Sihaif-e-Anbian, Sihaf-e-Hikmat, Injiil) We can know that it today accurately reads what the authors actually wrote from the many thousands of early manuscripts that we have today.