The Bible is a book of books, sixty-six of them, divided into two testaments.
The designations Old Testament and New Testament focus on two great covenants God made with His people:
the Mosaic covenant (Sharia of Musa) (Tawrat, Ex 24:8/History, 2 Kings 23:2)
and the New Covenant (Grace & Truth of Isa) (Injiil, Matt. 26:28)

The NT/Injiil,  is divided in four parts as follows:          1, The Gospels/Injiil: (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John)
2. History: (Acts) - the beginning of the church and the spread of Christianity throughout the Greco-Roman world.

3. Letters: The 21 letters (Romans, 1&2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1&2 Thessalonians, 1&2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1&2 Peter, 1&2 John, Jude)

4. Prophecy: (Revelation) This last book describes the ultimate triumph of Jesus Christ/Kalimatullah and his people in the future.

Free download of the INJIIL, Acts, the letters and Revelation in modern Urdu

http://urdugeoversion.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Injil-i-Muqaddas.pdf

Letters (Epistles) (21):


The rest of the New Testament (Injiil) is made up of letters, or epistles, written by Paul, James, Peter, John and Jude. The books of Romans through to Thessalonians are letters from the Apostle Paul to particular churches in the latter half of the first century AD. These range from eating food sacrificed to idols and dealing with sexual immorality to specific doctrines and teachings relevant to the early churches.


The pastoral letters are Paul’s special instructions to Timothy and Titus as church leaders. Along with Philemon these letters are addressed to individuals rather than churches. Here we see Paul at his most personal and vulnerable.


The general letters are the books of James through to Jude, written by various authors addressed to specific situations.

They generally follow a typical epistolary form (like other letters) common at that time.


Romans


Author:                Paul of Tarsus


Audience:           The Church in Rome,

                           predominantly Gentile

                           but including a minority

                           of Jews.


Date:                   about 57AD


Theme:               Presentation of the

                           Gospel, God’s plan for

                           all people, Jews &

                           Gentile alike.





Paul very much wanted to visit Rome with the good news and his letter was written to Christians in Rome to prepare the way for his visit. He also hoped to visit Spain with the support of Christians in Rome. (15:23-29). The result is the fullest record of Paul’s message in the New Testament, beginning with fundamental teaching about the faith and moving on to deal with practical issues about living as Christians in daily life. It is perhaps fitting that the fittest statement of the Christian faith should be addressed to the people in the capital city of the Roman Empire.


      The message of this letter is god’s plan of salvation for the whole world. Every person is a sinner, yet salvation is provided for all by God through the death of Jesus (Isa) on the cross. This salvation is received by faith and it is the beginning of the Christian life. What follows is a new life of peace with God, for the believer is set free from sin, the law, and death. This new life involves a union with Jesus made possible by the presence and power of the Holy Spirit.


      The good news (Injiil) is for all the people, both Jew and gentiles, and Paul challenges all the Roman Christians to live out their beliefs in down -to-earth harmony and love. He ends by passing on a series of personal messages and greetings.

1 Corinthians


Author:               Paul of Tarsus


Audience:           Believers at Corinth

                           whose church was torn

                            apart by factions and

                           spiritual immaturity


Date:                  55AD


Theme:               Addresses problems in

                           the church and answers

                           questions from the

                           church



Having moved on from Corinth where he taught and preached about Jesus (Isa), Paul received news that the church was facing serious problems. Corinth was a great Greek port and the city teeming with trade, art, religion races and immortality. Paul addresses the problems one by one, starting with the division of the church, moving on to questions of sex, mortality and the family, matters of conscience, church order and discipline, and closing with major sections on the gift of the Holy Spirit (Ruhallah)and the resurrection (Qayamat),Two of the most famous passages are (13) witch is about the practice of love, and (15) about the resurrection (Qayamat).

 

2 Corinthians


Author:                Paul of Tarsus


Audience:           The church at Corinth.


Date:                    55AD


Theme:                Encourages Corinthian

                            believers to be reconciled with

                            him and to reject false apostles

                            who are challenging his

                            authority and creating

                            dissension in the church.


 Paul had planned to make two short return visits to Corinth but had been forced to change his plans. One of the results of this change was that some people in Corinth, already stung by his first letter, were now stirred up against him.

He is definitely planning to come again and urges the church to finish faith the financial collection they are talking for Christians in Jerusalem. He finishes by thinking through with them the motive of his visit: his hopes and fears. The letter as a whole shows how closely involved Paul is with this fellowship. He feels deeply about them as a consequence the letter is intensely personal, and full of his own feelings, longings, and prayers. This depth of feeling provides the opportunity for some special pictures and truths. Instead of the careful arguments of Romans, here Paul shares powerful, if sometimes unconnected, insights.


Galatians


Author:                Paul of Tarsus


Audience:           Churches in Galatia,

                           founded by Paul during

                           his missionary journey


Date:                   48AD or in the 50ies


Theme:               Counters the claims by

                           legalistic Judaizers who

                           were telling the Galatian

                           believers that they must

                           be circumcised and keep

                           the law of Moses to be

                           saved



The early teachings of Paul were in synagogues and among the Jewish people. As the gospel spread one question kept demanding an answer: to be a real Christian did one have to obey the Law of Moses (Shariat)? Paul had preached and argued firmly that all that was necessary was faith in Christ. This alone put a person right, completely right, with God. In the churches of Galatia, as elsewhere, there were people who disagreed with Paul’s teaching, so this letter is written to put the record straight. For a start Paul is not expressing his own views.  He has been chosen by God and that his message as well as his calling divine. This God-given message was direct and simple: a person is put right with God if he put his faith in Jesus Christ (Isa Al Masih), and as that person grows in the Christian life it is obedience to Jesus Christ, not legalistic observances and works that continue the process of sanctification. This all comes about through Gods work in a person by the grace of Jesus Christ and the power of the Holy Spirit (Ruhallah). Towards the end Paul details the sort of action, attitude, and behavior that is produced when Jesus Christ lives in a person, including “fruit the Holy Spirit produces” (5:22-23).

Ephesians


Author:          Paul of Tarsus

Audience:      Believers in the

                      church at Ephesus

                      and others in

                      western Asia Minor


Date:              about 60AD


Theme:          Summary of the

                      Gospel of salvation

                      by grace through

                      faith alone and                              describes the nature

                      and role of the

                      church in God’s

                      eternal plan.


Ephesians is a letter that may have been intended for many churches, including Ephesus. Its readers are encouraged to try to take in the sheer grandeur and scale of Gods love and his purposes (3:18-20). his plan is nothing less than to bring everything in the universe together under the headship of Jesus (Isa). In Jesus, God has broken down everything that divided Jesus from Gentiles and has made it possible for everyone to be at peace with themselves. The result of this is that Christians are brought into the body, the family of the church. In the church the earthly and spiritual realms are brought together. The whole reality is to be lived out in everyday life, in situations in the church, in the family, at the workplace. This will not be easy; in fact, it will be a battle, but God has provided the amour the Christian needs to hold firm (6:10-18).

Philippians


Author:              Paul of Tarsus


Audience:          Believers at Philippi,

                          a prosperous Roman

                          colony


Date:                  about 61AD


Theme:              Encouragement to live

                          joyfully in every

                          circumstance



Paul wrote this letter while he was under arrest. For him, the one thing that mattered in life was knowing Christ Jesus (Kalimatullah). Ch.2 contains a special section explaining the meaning of Jesus’ birth, life, death, and resurrection. It may have been an early Christian hymn. Followers of Jesus must seek to pattern their lives on him in every way. Paul himself is pressing ahead to win the prize for which God has called him and he urges others to follow his example. They are not to reply on any human wealth of status, but entrust their lives completely to God. Near the end of the letter there’s an encouraging promise; “my God will meet all your needs. He will meet them in keeping with his wonderful riches that come to you because you come to Christ Jesus”. (4:19).


Though Paul is imprisoned and in danger of being put to death for his faith, he shows that by knowing Christ even the fear of death can be overcome. If fact, as he says, “death also has its benefits” (1:21), which is why a letter written in such sad circumstances can be so full if life and joy.


Colossians


Author:      Paul of Tarsus


Audience:  Believers at

                  Colossae, a church

                  perhaps planted by

                  Paul’s coworker

                  Epaphras.


Date:          about 60AD


Theme:      Demonstration that

                  Christ is supreme

                  over every human

                  philosophy and

                  accomplishment






Something had gone wrong with the teaching at the church in Colossae. Paul felt responsible for the church there even though he didn’t actually start it of, and this letter is aimed at putting things right. Some of those leading the church were saying that Christians should obey strict rules about eating and worship, and had added other ideas to the gospel (Injiil). Paul puts the records straight by summarizing the Christian method. Jesus Christ (Kalimatullah) is the centre of the Christian faith and he is described in all his glory. Jesus, who is the image of God, created the world and is head of the Church. Other beliefs and practices lead away from him. What God is doing is bringing the whole world back to himself through Jesus and only in Jesus is there any hope of salvation. Paul then describes how Christians should behave in daily life, at home and work, and the sort of character they should develop they should develop as they hearts and minds of Jesus Christ.


1 Thessalonians

Author:                Paul of Tarsus                                     Date:                   51AD


Audience:           The largely Gentile church in Thessalonica, founded by Paul


Theme:               Praise for believers spiritual maturity and perseverance,

                           and encourages them to further growth in view of Christ’s imminent return.


After starting a Church in Thessalonica Paul had to leave hurriedly because of opposition from some Jews. Timothy was sent to Paul to teach and encourage the young church and this letter is based on Timothy’s personal report to Paul. The progress of the church is encouraging and it is a help and example to Christians in other parts of Macedonia. The end of the letter (4:13-5:11) answers some of the questions the church had about the return, or second coming (Aamde-saani) of Jesus Christ (Kalimatullah). Those who die before he comes again will be with their Lord together with those who are still alive when he returns. Because no one knows when Jesus will come again Paul urges the believers to live in such a way that they will always be ready for him.


2 Thessalonians


Author:                Paul of Tarsus


Audience:           The largely Gentile church in

                           Thessalonica, founded by Paul


Date:                   51AD or 52AD


Theme:               Correction of a misunder- 

                           standing concerning the Lord’s

                           return and to exhort the

                           believers to be steadfast and to

                           work for a living


Like 1 Thessalonians, this letter focuses on the return of the Lord Jesus Christ (Aamde-saani).  There is some confusion among the Christians at Thessalonica and Paul wants to state the truth very specifically and clearly. Some believed that the “day of the Lord” has already come (2:1-4); others seemed to believe his coming would be so soon there was no need to carry on with ordinary living (3:6,11). The fact, says Paul, are straightforward; Jesus will appear again to judge the earth (1;5-10). But before this the forces of evil will come to ahead in active rebellion against God. Those who reject the truth will be taken in by the deceit of evil and condemned. Paul encouraged the believers to stand firm and to live pure, hopeful, hard-working, and peaceful lives.

1 Timothy


Author:    Paul of Tarsus


Audience:Timothy, one of

                Paul’s closest

                associates,

                intended to read

                to the whole

               church in Ephesus


Date:       about 64AD


Theme:   Instructions to

               Timothy

               concerning the

               care of the 

              church at Ephesus




This letter from Paul is addressed to Timothy who was an assistant and friend during his missionary travels. Timothy is the representative of the apostle at Ephesus, and the letter contains practical advice, instructions about how to deal with false teachers and how to organize the church. One thing to avoid is adding to the gospel (Injiil) of Jesus Christ and mixing it with other traditions (1;3-11, 4:1-5). The gospel is simple and clear: “Christ Jesus (Kalimatullah) came into the world to save sinners” (1:15). There’s a lot of detailed advice about church worship, how people should pray, and what they should pray, and s on. Church leaders and helpers must be carefully chosen (3:1-13). Timothy is advised how to act toward certain groups of believers (5:1-6:2) and he warned about the danger of loving money (6:3-10). 

2 Timothy


Author:       Paul of Tarsus


Audience:   Paul’s disciple Timothy, who

                   was ministering in Ephesus


Date:           about 66-67AD


Theme:       Facing imminent death,

                   Paul encourages Timothy to

                   carry on the ministry and

                   faithfully guard the Gospel





Paul continues here with personal advice to Timothy his young assistant. Timothy must study the scriptures (Tawrat, Zabur, Prophets) and hold fast to the truths he has been taught by this mother and grandmother. He is to be ready to suffer for Jesus Christ (Isa Al Masih) as Paul has done. He is to avoid foolish arguments, and to teach and preach carefully and patiently. Paul himself is nearing the end of this life. He has kept the faith, is lonely, and wants Timothy to come to him as soon as possible, but in case they do not meet Paul is eager to pass on any advice he can. Paul has studied the scriptures (Tawrat, History, Zabur, Wisdom, Prophets) and taught them and this is to be the core of Timothy’s life and work, for “God has breathed life into all of the scriptures” (3:16).

Titus


Author:   Paul of Tarsus


Audience:Titus a trusted

                Gentile

                companion of

                Paul


Date:        63-65AD


Theme:    Instructions to

                Titus

                concerning

                the care of

                the church on

                the island of

                Crete

 


When Titus became a Christian he joined Paul in his missionary work. Together they introduced the faith (Injiil) to the island of Crete, and Titus remained there as Paul’s representative as Paul moved on. In Ch.1 Paul sets out the sort of people Titus should be looking for to make elders in the church. They will be quite different from the typical Cretan (1:12). And in ch.2 Paul summarizes what Titus should emphasize to different groups in the church, old men, old women, young women, young men, and slaves. All should be eager to serve the Lord Jesus Christ  (Kalimatullah) as they wait for him to return. Ch.3 is about the way Christians should live, in peace, and friendship with everyone, voiding quarrels and divisions.


Philemon



Author:        Paul of Tarsus


Audience:    Philemon and the

                    members of the

                    church at Colossae


Date:            about 60AD


Theme:        Paul urges

                    Philemon to show

                    grace to Onesimus,

                    his runaway slave.







This is perhaps the most practical and personal letter in the New Testament (Injiil). Onesimus is a slave who has run away from his master. While meeting Paul and through him becomes a Christian. Paul sends him back to his Christian master, Philemon, asking that he is welcomed as a brother in Christ. It seems as if Onesimus has stolen something from Philemon and so, strictly speaking, he could be punished by death. Paul writes a very careful letter appealing to Philemon on the basis of love. Paul sees himself as a spiritual father of Onesimus (v10) as well as a brother (v16)

Hebrews


Author:       Apollos or Barnabas


Audience:   Jewish Christians


Date:           about 67-70AD


Theme:       The absolute

                   supremacy and

                   sufficiency of Jesus

                   Christ as revealer

                   and mediator of

                   God’s grace




The purpose of this letter is to encourage Christians not to let go of their faith, however great troubles and oppositions they face, it turns their attention to Jesus (Isa) and shows they are unique: the perfect and final revelation of God. Jesus is the Son of God (Kalimatullah), and so is more important than Moses, the prophets and angels. He is also the great high priest that offered who offered as the once and for all sufficient sacrifice. He continues to represent his people before God, and so he is more important than the priests of the Old Testament. All the Old Testament sacrifices (Tawrat) and ceremonies point to Jesus in whom alone can be found real salvation from sin, fear, and death. Ch. 11 is famous for the list of people who had faith in God, and in chapter 12 the readers are urged to hold fast to the faith fixing their eyes on Jesus. He is the same “yesterday, today and forever.” (13:8) 
James


Author:                James, a leader of the Jerusalem church                    Date:                   about 50AD


Audience:           Jewish Christians, scattered after Stephen’s death


Theme:                Emphasizes vital Christianity characterized by good deeds and faith that works.


This letter encourages Christians to trust God however difficult the life seems, and to show that faith is real by the way they live, not just in their words. James is a letter written to Christians wherever they are (1:1). It is full of practical advice, guidance, and word-pictures that stay in the mind. It is similar in some ways both to the Book of Proverbs in the Old Testament (Wisdom) and the Sermon on the Mount in Matthew’s gospel (Injiil). Among the topics covered are the purpose of suffering (1:2-8 and 5:7-11); riches and poverty (1:9-11; 2:1-7; 4:13-5:6); temptation (1:13-15); practical faith (1:22-27;2:14-26; 2:14-26); the need to control the tongue (3:1-12); the source of war and fighting (4:1-120; the prayer of faith (5:13-18).

1 Peter


Author:        Simon Peter


Audience:    Gentile and Jewish

                    believers in Pontus,

                    Galatia, Cappadocia,

                    western Asia Minor and

                    Bithynia


Date:            60-64AD


Theme:        Instructions on holy

                    living for those suffering

                    persecution.


The Christians to whom Peter writes are facing suffering and persecution. He urges them to stand firm: their faith is being refined like gold in a fire (1:3-9). Their lives must be pure and holy, modeled in Jesus Christ (Kalimatullah). There is advice to all Christians to accept authority (2:13-17). There is also specific advice to slaves, to wives and husbands, to elderly and young men: everyone should live in harmony, and love each other deeply. Jesus Christ is the one who provides not only the example of how to live, but also the forgiveness and strength that make living in harmony possible. The suffering that is so common and real is a way of sharing in his sufferings. Peter encourages leaders and teaches them how to exercise their responsibilities. One day in place of suffering they will receive a crown of glory that will never fade away.

2 Peter


Author:     Simon Peter


Audience: Christians in

                 western Asia Minor


Date:        65-68AD


Theme:    Teaching on how to

                deal with false

                teachers and

                evildoers who have

                come in to the church






The first part of this letter compares the true life and teaching of the Christian faith (Injiil)(ch.1) with false teaching and its consequences (ch.2). True faith is based on knowledge of Jesus Christ (Kalimatullah) as reveled through eyewitness and scripture: it results in lives continually changing to be more like Jesus. False teaching is destructive and causes all sorts of evil and emptiness. The rest of this letter (ch.3) is about he second coming of the Lord. It may seem to be delayed for a long time, but Gods time-scale is not the same as that of human beings. The day of the Lord will certainly come and worth it the heaven and the earth will be destroyed. This is when truth and falsehood will be judged for what they really are. Christians are to look forward to a new heaven and earth (3:13) and make every effort to be pure and spotless as they wait for that great day.

1 John


Author:           The Apostle John


Audience:       Believers in western Asia Minor


Date:               between 85-95AD


Theme:           Assurance for believers for the certainty of their

                       faith and to refute heretical doctrines teaching

                       that Jesus was not fully human and fully divine


The writers of this letter saw Jesus (Isa), heard him and touched him and, as a witness, want Christians to know the truth about him. One of the problems the writer faces was the many Christians and others got the wrong idea about the faith. They believed that anything a person could touch or see was evil, so Jesus couldn’t possibly have been the Son of God (Kalimatulla)and a real man. They also believe that it didn’t much matter how someone behaved because daily living was of no importance. The letter is a heartless plea to such people to accept the truth as it is found in Jesus Christ. He was the Son of God and he was a real man. By dying as a real man Jesus Christ saves those who believe in him fro their sins. Since God has shown his love in this way, followers of Jesus should live lives completely given to him, lives controlled by love, and free from sin.

3 John


Author:        The Apostle John


Audience:    Gaius, a leader of one of the churches in

                    western Asia Minor


Date:            85-95AD


Theme:        Commendation for Gaius for supporting traveling

                    teachers and to rebuke Diotrephes for refusing to

                    welcome them


This short letter is written to a Christian called Gaius. The elder who is writing is pleased because Gaius and his friends are walking in the truth and helping other Christians whom they don’t know first-hand. On the other hand, he gives a warning about Diotrophes who is causing trouble in the church by his pride, gossiping, and unfriendliness.

2 John


Author:                The Apostle John


Audience:           a local church in western Asia Minor


Date:                   between 85-95AD


Theme:               Discernment in supporting traveling teachers,

                           since false teachers were also traveling and

                           teaching heresy


This letter is written either to a local church, or in a Christian family. The believers in question are walking in the church and the writer encourages them to love one another. At the same time there were false teachers about, who say that Jesus Christ did not really come into the flesh. They believe they have a better gospel (Injiil) than that of Jesus Christ. Such teachers are not to be welcomed into the family or the church. (see introduction to 1 John.)




Jude

Author:         Jude, brother of Jesus                                                         Date:        between 65-80AD


Audience:     Christians who are being threatened by false teachers


Theme:         Warning for believers about false teachers, who are trying to convince them that being saved by grace gives them

                     license to sin.


Jude had hoped to write a positive letter about salvation (Nijaat) (v. 3) but events have overtaken him and he needs to warn his readers about some false teachers he describes the emptiness and the rewards of also teaching and calls on his readers to keep themselves in god’s love. The final words (v.24-25) are a doxology or blessing, stressing the fat that God is always able to keep Christians from falling.