The Bible is a book of books, sixty-six of them, divided into two testaments, or covenants.

The designations Old Testament and New Testament focus on two great covenants God made with His people:
the Mosaic covenant (Sharia of Musa) (Tawrat, Ex 24:8/History, 2 Kings 23:2) and the New Covenant (Grace & Truth of Isa) (Injiil, Matt. 26:28)
The name given to the second half of the Bible with its 27 books is New Testament, which literally means the new covenant of Grace & Truth, or also called the "INJIIL" starting with the Gospel accounts about Jesus/Isa, the Messiah, savior of the world as the central theme.
The NT/Injiil,  is divided in four parts as follows:

The Gospels/Injiil: (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John)
History: (Acts) - the beginning of the church and the spread of Christianity throughout the Greco-Roman world.

Letters: The 21 letters (Romans, 1&2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1&2 Thessalonians, 1&2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1&2 Peter, 1&2 John, Jude)

Prophecy: (Revelation) This last book describes the ultimate triumph of Jesus Christ/Kalimatullah and his people in the future.


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The New Testament (accounts of the Injiil) is unique among the world's sacred texts in that it provides several accounts of the life of the religion's founder. These accounts are referred to as "Gospels," from the Old English word godspel, "good news." (Injiil)  In Greek the books were called the evangelion, and their authors are correspondingly referred to as the "four evangelists."

Gospels (Injiil) are not biographies of Jesus in the modern sense of a detached, academic account of a person's life.

In fact, this genre of literature was unknown to the ancient world. Narratives were written to inspire, teach a lesson, warn, or persuade, not to simply inform. The purpose of the Gospel narratives seems to be twofold: to recount the events in the extraordinary life of Jesus, and do so in such a way that its hearers will respond in faith. The author of Gospel of John (Yuhannah) for example affirms the latter motivation explicitly: "Jesus did many other miraculous signs... But these are written that you may believe and that by believing you may have life in his name.


The first three gospels, Matthew, Mark, and Luke, are known as the Synoptic Gospels, because they "see together" the events of Jesus' life and death. The three narratives use similar language, material, and ordering of events, and sometimes even repeat one another verbatim.

Matthew, Mark, Luke and Johncanonical because of it’s apostolic authority. Matthew and John were presumed to be written by Jesus' disciples of the same name. Although Mark and Luke were not apostles, they were in direct contact with the apostles Peter and Paul. The notion of apostolic succession and authority was very important to early church leaders, for it was seen as a way of ensuring the integrity of the gospel message after the deaths of eyewitnesses.


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Matthew -   (Injiil-e-Mati)     


Author:       Matthew also called Levi, s/o Alphaeus 


Audience:   Greek-speaking Jewish Christians


Date:           50AD - 70AD


Theme:       Jesus as the Jewish Messiah, sent by God

                   to fulfill OT prophecy


The first book of the New Testament (INJIIL) tells the story of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus (Isa) in such a way that the reader can see clearly that Jesus is the Messiah (Al Masih), the savior promised in the Old Testament (Tawrat, Zabur, Prophets). It is a story of Good News for the Jewish people, for Jesus (Isa) was one of them, but it is also good news for the rest of the world (28,18-20)

Matthew arranges events around the teaching of Jesus and shows what a powerful and direct preacher Jesus was. There are five section of  teachings: the sermon on the mount (ch.5-7); instruction to the twelve disciples (ch.10); parables about the kingdom of heaven (ch.13); what it means to follow Jesus (ch.18) and the last things (ch. 24-25)  (taken from NIRV)


Mark – (Injiil-e-Markas)


Author:     John Mark 


Audience: Mostly Gentile Christians

                 probably in the Church at

                 Rome


Date:        55AD - 65AD


Theme:    Jesus as the Servant-
                Messiah, ans Son of God
                who died as a ransom for
                sinners



Mark (John Mark) shows Jesus as a person on the move. The story begins with John the Baptist of Jesus as an adult. It soon becomes clear that Jesus is a man of great energy and power as he teaches, heals, and forgives sins. Some people followed Jesus and became disciples. Other people turn away, some became his enemies. All the Jesus is moving towards his death at Jerusalem. His resurrection comes as a shock and a surprise, although he has promised that he would rise to new life (8:31; 9:31; 10:34)

 

Luke – (Injiil-e-Luka)


Author:        Luke, a gentile physician and

                    missionary companion of Paul


Audience:   Addressed to Theophilus, but

                   intended for all believers


Date:           59AD - 63AD


Theme:       Jesus as Messiah and Lord
                   whose life, death and
                   resurrection make salvation
                   possible for all people
                   everywhere.




In his gospel (Injiil) Luke sets out the life of Jesus carefully so that Theophilus (1:3) to whom he is writing, will have a reliable record. Later in the acts of the Apostles he sets out just as carefully the way in which the church started and grew.

The work of the Holy Spirit is important in both books. Luke is especially concerned to show that Jesus (Isa) is the savior of the whole world, of rich and poor, men and women, good and bad, Jew and non-Jew.

Some parts of this Gospel describe events and stories not recorded anywhere else in the New-Testament. (Injiil) This is the particularly the case on the long last journey to Jerusalem (9:51 19:44). other parts of the gospel story describe healing in the sort of detail to be expected from a writer whose profession is that of a doctor. Luke notices how vital prayer is all through the ministry of Jesus.

 

John – (Injiil-e-Yuhanna)


Author:        The Apostle John

                    (close friend & disciple of Jesus)


Audience:    Primarily Gentile believers and

                     seeking unbelievers


Date:            50AD - 85AD


Theme:        Jesus as the WORD, the Messiah and
                    the incarnate Son of God, who has
                    come to reveal the father and bring
                    eternal life to all who believe in him.




The writer of this Gospel (Inkiil) is John, (Yuhanna) one of the disciples closest to Jesus (Isa Al Masih). Because he had seen for himself what Jesus was like and what he did and he had heard him teach, he wanted others to know the truth about Jesus. Everything points to the fact that Jesus is the savior, the Son of God. John describes Jesus as the eternal Word of God (Kalimatullah) who actually became a human being. Readers who believe this will have life in his name.

 The part of the story (1:11) is about some of the miracles that Jesus did together with his special teaching about them. Some believe in him others turn away from him. The rest of the book (12:21) describes the last days of Jesus, his death and resurrection. It is through the death of Jesus that believers will have eternal life Jesus promises.


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